The Kwick Pivot Drill is an effective technique for imprinting literal casting.
       Kwick "Pivot" Drill
        (simple variation) 
       Kwick "Pivot" Drill
    (seven "line" variation)
            "Pivot" Drill focus:
         teaching the "feel" of
          different "pivots" to
        enhance literal casting
           (first up close then       
          increased distance)

Training Journal entry (link)
  (startup explanation -
scroll to)    
       March 28 & 29, 30 (2013
       Mar 28, 2013 - began new casting drill
Kwick "Pivot" Drill (casting variations)         
                              note: first "go" is a variation of Cassity's Renegade 

          The focus is on "teaching" the look and feel of two different angle backs from
          several positions. This provides many different "turning reps"  by giving the dog
          muscle memories related to a cast. The rationale is to enhance literal casting.
          In theory, the dog learns  how to take many different "pivots" (brain muscle/eye
          coordination). The drill is begun up close for more control and a better "look".
          Once the straight on set-up is completed, the handler moves to the right & then
          transitions to the left side presentations. The two piles remain in the same spot.
          The "target" is not so much the main focus of this drill. Acquiring the precise
          physical imprint/skill associated with different angle backs is the rationale.

          A dog gradually acquires mental and physical conditioned responses to small
          changes in the arm positions of different casts.  

            note: When running a cold blind the reward for taking a correct literal cast
                     is subtle. There is no whistle to stop. In this drill, the reward is visually
                     automatic. A correct turn provides an immediate reward. The proper
                     response to a literal cast depends on two actions 1) an arm position
                     interpretation and the correspondingly correct pivot.  Taking correct
                     literal casts is acquired by conditioned responses. The Kwick Pivot
                     Drill provides an efficient technique.
          This is not only a drill for the dog. The handler must move correctly (right or
          left) and focus on precise arm motion/positions. The dog is much more likely to
          consistently experience the mental and physical aspect of the correct cast
          because the drill's requirements are simple. There are just two targets (piles)
          which are far apart from each other. This eliminates any distracting influences.
          Teaching is simplified.

            note: A parallel to the muscle/brain memory imprints discussed above is how a
                     basketball player learns how approach the rim from different directions
                     by practicing and engraining the correct speed, motion and touch required
                     for maximum performance. This only happens with many "correct reps".

           In the "heat of the moment", conditioned responses become automatic (a reflex).
                            updated 09/01/14